Posted by: cherylyoung | January 19, 2011

WHITE PELICAN PROVINCIAL PARK PROVIDES A SANCTUARY FOR ONE OF THE WORLD’S MOST BEAUTIFUL BIRDS, THE WHITE PELICAN

White Pelican Provincial Park, located northwest of Williams Lake on the Chilcotin Plateau, provides a sanctuary for one of the world’s most beautiful birds, the White Pelican.

The park incorporates and completely surrounds Stum Lake,

 and is managed exclusively to protect the provincial pelican

population.

 

Stum Lake (also known as Pelican Lake) is closed to the

 public from March 1 to August 31 every year to protect the

White Pelican nesting colony, as they are very sensitive to

disturbance during nesting.

The park provides a critical buffer to the only nesting colony in B.C.

 

At other nesting locations in North America, disturbances

caused by boats, low flying aircraft or people walking through

the colonies have resulted in serious losses, even the

complete abandonment of the nests.

 

The park closure prohibits canoeing, boating, hunting, trapping,

discharge of firearms, aircraft operation below 600 metres

 in elevation, and aircraft are prohibited from landing on

Stum Lake during this period.

 

The American White Pelican is a migratory species and

has been legally designated as an Endangered Species in

British Columbia.

 

The breeding population that nests at Stum Lake spends the

winter in southwest California and the Pacific coast of Mexico.

 

Lakes in the Kamloops and Okanagan regions are used

as staging areas for both spring and fall migrations.

These pelicans are colonial nesters, with Stum Lake being

the only nesting location in B.C.

 

For nesting, the American white pelican requires isolated lakes

with a food source nearby.

 

Nesting lakes must contain at least one island with a water

 barrier around the island of sufficient depth and distance

 from the mainland to discourage mammalian predation.

Water levels should be stable during the reproductive period to

ensure that rising water levels do not flood nest sites and

decreasing water levels do not eliminate the water barrier to

predation.

 

Nesting islands are usually relatively low, flat, sparsely

vegetated and treeless.

They are a fish eating species that feed from the surface and require

shallow water (0.3-2.5 m) for foraging.

 

Their diet includes chub, suckers, squawfish, rainbow trout

 and other coarse fish.

 

 Breeding pelicans do not feed at Stum Lake, which has very

few fish, but travel to surrounding lakes to feed and to obtain

 food for their young.

 

A restricted number of lakes meet the necessary requirements

 for feeding.

 

Loafing sites in the form of low, flat areas with little vegetation

to obstruct the surrounding view are essential for good feeding

habitat.

Small islands provide the best loafing sites as they provide

some protection from terrestrial predators.

 

Floating logs as well as deltas and sandbars at river mouths

are also commonly used loafing sites.

 

Since this species has a long period of sexual immaturity

(does not breed until third year), and a relatively low

 reproductive rate (usually rears only a single chick), they have

a very poor resilience to major population setbacks.

The maximum life span is approximately 17 years.

 

Visitors are able to view these wonderful pelicans at

 Nazko Lake Provincial Park, and in other lakes in the Chilcotin.

In addition to providing security for the pelican nesting sites,

 the 2,763-hectare park also protects habitat for moose and

aquatic fur-bearers.

 

There is no camping permitted, as the park is intended for

 day-use only outside of the nesting season.

 

White Pelican Provincial Park is located approximately

38 miles (60 km) northwest of Williams Lake on the Chilcotin

 Plateau, 11 miles (18 km) north of Alexis Creek.

 

Access to the park is off the Bella Coola Highway 20 at

Alexis Creek, travelling north on the Stum Lake forestry road.

 

 

 http://www.cherylyoung.ca/bling_necklace_and_sets.html

 

Nearby Regions & Towns 
  Alexis Creek
  Bella Coola Hwy 20

DON’T DWELL ON WHAT WENT WRONG.  INSTEAD, FOCUS ON WHAT

TO DO NEXT.  SPEND YOUR ENERGIES ON MOVING FORWARD

TOWARD FINDING THE ANSWER..DENIS WAITLEY

www.facebook.com/cherylcyoung

www.twitter.com/CherylCYoung

www.cherylyoung.ca

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