Posted by: cherylyoung | June 17, 2012

Rich in historic charm, the story of Greenwood BC dates back to the discouvery of rich lodes of copper-gold ore.


The Smallest City in Canada, Greenwood is located

in the southern interior of British Columbia, west

of Grand Forks  and to the east of the Okanagan


Rich in historic charm, the story of Greenwood

 dates back  to the discovery of rich lodes of

copper-gold ore by prospectors in 1891.

The dreams of Robert Wood came true, when in

 1895 he purchased the land that is now the site

of the city, built a General Store, and named the

 settlement Greenwood.

With the discovery of rich copper ore came an

influx of  people from far and wide, and within two

years the former rugged wilderness region had

been transformed into a booming frontier city, one

 of the busiest and richest mining regions in Canada.

 Greenwood had become the social and economic

 hub of the entire Boundary region.

The City of Greenwood was incorporated in 1897,

and by  1899, the population had reached 3,000,

with the city boasting many fine hotels, an opera

 house, a newspaper, and countless other stores,

services and businesses that served the other mining

camps in the region, such as Eholt,  Boundary Falls,

Phoenix, and Deadwood.

Greenwood’s new smelter plant was commissioned

 in 1901, processing copper- gold ore from the nearby

 Motherlode Mine,  and mines in Nelson and Rossland.

The smelter’s 121 foot brick smoke stack that looms

over the city is one of the few surviving in the

province, surrounded  by mounds of black slag that

once glowed red hot, an  ever-present reminder of

the early golden days of mining.

By 1910 the mining boom had peaked, with both

Greenwood and nearby Phoenix enjoying steady



However, copper prices soon plummeted, the

 market died, and by 1918, Greenwood was

virtually deserted.

This changed with the onset of the Second World

 War, when a thousand displaced Japanese

Canadians arrived by train to be interned in the

vacant houses in the town during 1942.

They were part of the 22,000 people of Japanese

descent who were forced to leave their coastal homes

during the first nine months of 1942, representing

the largest mass movement of people in the history

of Canada.

Thus Greenwood was saved from the ghost town

status that befell virtually every other mining

community in the region.

The new residents of Greenwood transformed the

town into a bustling community, once again, and

when the war ended in 1945 and many city councils

endorsed the deportation of Japanese Canadians,

Greenwood stood fast in supporting  its much

appreciated community members.

Today, Greenwood has evolved into an historic

 tourism destination, and remains deeply committed

 to mining and forestry, and is expanding its role

as a regional continuing  education centre.

Winters in Greenwood are fairly mild, with average

 snowfalls and warm, dry summers.

Population: 625

Greenwood is located on Crowsnest Highway 3 in

 south central BC, just north of the Canada/

United States

 border, 50 miles (80 km) east of Osoyoos and

24 miles (36 km) west of Grand Forks.





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